The Day The Music Died: While playing their “Winter Dance Party Tour” in 1959, Buddy Holly chartered a plane to travel to their next venue in Minnesota. Ritchie Valens won his seat on the plane on a coin toss. J. P. “the Big Bopper” Richardson had the flu and was given a seat on the plane instead of having to drive. The plane crashed on Tuesday, February 3rd, 1959, killing all three and giving February 3rd the title of “the Day the Music Died.”
Here’s a link to the Don McLean song American Pie, written in 1972 from the eponymous album, mourning the loss of the three: xx.